I’m going to challenge you to do something a little scary and maybe even a little controversial. I’m going to challenge you to become less tolerant.
“Less tolerant?” you say. “But don’t we live in a pluralistic society in which we need to be tolerant of other people’s values, religions and even political views?” Yes, we do. And yet I’m still going to ask you to stop being tolerant.
Because maybe we need to replace tolerance with something else.
Tolerance and Low Expectations
If I simply tolerate you, it implies that I can barely stand to be around you. Tolerance is really just a short step away from loathing and hatred. We encourage tolerance because our expectations are too low. Social scientist Arthur Brooks of the American Enterprise Institute think tank, suggests that we “talk about ‘tolerance’ because we have low standards.”
In a recent discussion on the TED Radio Hour, Brooks explains that we don’t need more tolerance in our society. Instead, we need to recognize that we actually need people who are different from ourselves – ideologically, religiously and politically. We need to move beyond tolerance to respect, and the only way to do that is to be in relationship with people who are not like us. Believe it our not, being with people who are different actually helps us move towards the peace and unity that we crave.
Tolerance and Politics
Brooks’ concern with tolerance and respect is motivated by the current political environment. He refers to “political motive asymmetry” in politics. Essentially, that means that both political sides believe their ideologies are based in love, while the opposing parties’ ideologies are based in hate.
This type of misperception creates some serious problems when it comes to tolerance, let alone respect. How can we respect an ideology or a person who we (wrongly) believe is motivated by hate? Unfortunately, we see how this type of thinking has impacted the 2016 presidential race. People are villainized and denigrated just for affiliating with the opposing party’s ideology.
Brooks says that the solution to political motive asymmetry is to realize that Democrats need to respect what Republicans bring to the discussion when they champion free markets, and Republicans need to respect the Democratic voices that remind us to care for the poor. Respecting – not tolerating or accepting – each other’s views can lead to cooperative efforts instead of conflicting ones. Common ground can be found, but not when we believe that the other person is motivated by hate.
Tolerance and the Church
I suppose we expect politicians to act intolerant because they have clear agenda. But what if this same type of “asymmetry” is at work in the Church?
I live in a very curious place theologically. My personal faith journey and my profession have caused me to create relationships and friendships with people along the entire theological spectrum. I can honestly say that I have friends and colleagues who represent the best that conservative Evangelicalism, liberal mainline Protestantism, Roman Catholic, and unaffiliated Christians have to offer. But walking in these many circles I can also tell you that there’s plenty of “religious motive asymmetry” to go around.
Christians of various doctrines and labels tend to view other Christian groups with suspicion and even judgement. Believing that the other camp’s ideology, theology or doctrine is wrong, the tendency is to create distance. Each group stays within the religious enclaves where people share their beliefs, values and worldviews.
This distance only makes it harder to experience the love and respect that comes from developing real relationships with people who are different from us. And without relationship, love and respect can never grow. We simply tolerate.
The problem is that we can’t hope to have Christian unity when we are unwilling to acknowledge that we need Christian brothers and sisters who are different from us. If Democrats and Republicans can work together on some level, it would seem like people from the same basic faith should be able to see that they also need one another.
Scripture describes our need for other people this way:
Iron sharpens iron,
and one person sharpens the wits of another.
Proverbs 27:17 (NRSV)
If you’ve ever sharpened a knife, you know that it only gets sharp from roughness and friction. Working and being in relationship with people who are different isn’t always smooth sailing. Sometimes there are conflicts and friction. But if we avoid those types of conflicts, we shut the door on what could be a transformational experience for everyone involved. It could have the power to transform the future of the Church.
You’ve heard it said that no person is an island. Humans don’t do well in isolation. And if Proverbs and Arthur Brooks are right, we especially need people who are different from us.